The 19 Cannabis Terms You Need To Know To Sound Like A Pro

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In the world of Cannabis, there’s more than enough confusion. Lengthy terms like Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and Endocannbinoid System (ECS), create confusion to even the of savviest of Cannabis users. We created this post to clear the air for anyone confused about the numerous terms and definitions in Cannabis.

One of the biggest mistakes occurs when the terms hemp, cannabis, and marijuana are used interchangeably. However, these terms are extremely different. The good news is that this article will teach you those difference in order to make you sound like a cannabis pro! 

So let’s begin. 

The Cannabis Terms: 

Cannabis: Cannabis is a Genus of flowering plants. Genera (plural form of genus) are then broken down into species. The Cannabis genus is broken down into three species that you may be familiar with. These three species are sativa, indica, and ruderalis. Occasionally, Cannabis ruderalis is not recognized as its own species.   

Hemp: A plant part of the Cannabis sativa species. Hemp is grown to contain very low amounts of THC (0.3% or less) and high amounts of CBD (cannabidiol). They have tall fibrous stalks that are strong and have few flowering buds. Hemp currently is legal in all 50 states and is considered to be a crop according to the 2018 Farm Bill (Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018). More specific info about Hemp’s legalities here:

Marijuana: Marijuana, a classification of plants in the Cannabis sativa & Cannabis indica species, contains high amounts of THC. Marijuana is bred specifically for its medical and psychoactive effects. With dense plentiful budding, this plant gives users a euphoric experience known as a “high”. Marijuana plants contains THC levels around 5-35%.

THC: THC’s full name is Tetrahydrocannabinol. This is the chemical compound responsible for inducing a euphoric high in users. When introduced into the body, it produces a “high” that typically last several hours. Typically products with high amounts of THC come from marijuana plants for recreational use. As of writing this article there are 11 US states that have legalized recreational and medical use for marijuana.

CBD: CBD stands for Cannabidiol. Cannabidiol stands for a cannabis compound that does not induce an intoxicating effect. This compounds have been gaining a lot of traction in the US markets in recent times. If you are interested in any CBD products or learning more about CBD you can check out the rest of our website here;

CBD Oil: An oil containing terpenes and cannabinoids from the hemp plant. Derived from the Cannabis sativa family, this oil contains high levels of CBD and 0.3% THC or less to remain in accordance with US law.

Cannabinoid: Cannabinoids are a diverse group of chemical compounds found in cannabis plants. These compounds act on cannabinoid receptors found within the human body. Cannabinoid receptors are part of a body system called The Endocannabinoid System. This system alters and interacts with several neurotransmitters within the body. (Fun Fact; Nearly every animal on earth has a functioning Endocannabinoid System). Two of the most notable cannabinoids are THC & CBD. In the cannabis plant, there are about 113 cannabinoids.

Endocannabinoids: Any chemical compound that is naturally produced in the body that acts similarly to cannabis compounds. Endocannabinoids bind to the same receptors as phytocannabinoids found within the Endocannabinoid System. One of the most famous endocannabinoids is Anandamide.

Phytocannabinoids: A phytocannabinoid is a naturally-occurring compound found within cannabis plants. These compounds are created by the biological processes of the plant. The term “phyto” means light as phytocannabinoid means a cannabinoid compound created from light via a plant.

Terpenes: Organic compounds found in plants and insects. In nature, these are used to ward of predators which would normally eat the insect or plant. Cannabis plants are found to have high amounts of terpenes which creates that strong distinct smell many people recognize it by. Terpenes have been found to offer medicinal purposes, give flavor, and affect how cannabis interacts with the human body.

Entourage effect: When cannabis users utilize all compounds found within the cannabis plant together. The results of using each compounds collectively in one product will be more effective than if one were to use each cannabis compound in separate products. When all cannabinoids are used together, a special synergy allows the body to become more positively affected.

Full-Spectrum: The term ‘full-spectrum’ refers to a product which contains nearly all cannabinoids, terpenes, and other cannabis compounds. Full-spectrum may also mean “full plant”. “Full plant” is just another way of stating that the product contains multiple compounds (not just CBD).

Broad Spectrum: Broad spectrum is a categorization of CBD products that contains multiple different cannabis compounds except THC. For this reason, broad spectrum is popular for users who are looking for the effects of multiple compounds without the exposure to THC.

CBD Isolate: Products with this label are considered to be 99% pure CBD. This means that the product is going to contain one compound, Cannabidiol (CBD).

Hemp Oil: Commonly sourced from the Hemp plant’s seeds. Hemp oil has high levels of omega-3s, vitamins, and other nutrients. These omega-3s and vitamins to help provide essential nutrients for hair and skin. Hemp oil contains virtually zero CBD & THC since it is derived from the seeds of the Hemp plant.

Anandamide Structure

Anandamide: Anandamide is fatty acid neurotransmitter that is theorized to be produced as the result of extensive physical activity. This chemical is thought to be responsible for a euphoric feeling post exercise known as “Runner’s High“.

Tincture: A concentrated liquid herbal extract. Typically made by soaking herbs and other plant components in alcohol for weeks to extract the active constituents. In the world of CBD, this term refers to oil products which can be put into drinks or food via a dropper.

Topicals: In reference to CBD products these are creams, lotions, or gels. Topicals are the best products for users trying to use CBD in a localized area. Because topicals are applied only into smaller areas, CBD is absorbed into the localized area for the desired result.

Synthetic Cannabinoids: Cannabinoids produced in a laboratory. These cannabinoids are not naturally occurring in nature, but are created to mimic the affects of organic cannabinoids.